Họp Báo Của Tham Vụ Báo Chí Hoa Kỳ Tháp Tùng
Tổng Thống Bush Tham Dự Hội Nghị APEC
Tổng thống Bush tại đại bản doanh của đảng CSVN cùng
với TBT Nông Đức Mạnh
bạn đọc có thêm tài liệu tham khảo các diễn biến chung quanh
hội nghị APEC 2006, chúng tôi xin trích đăng lại hai bản tài
liệu ghi lại cuộc họp báo của tham vụ báo chí của ṭa bạch ốc
ông Tony Snow vào ngày 16 và 17/11. Buổi họp báo vào ngày 16
được thực hiện ngay trên chiếc máy bay số 1 AirForce One chở
tổng thống Bush trên đường đến Hà Nội và buổi họp báo ngày
17/11 được thực hiện tại khách sạn Hilton sau khi tổng thống
Bush đến Hà Nội. Cả hai tài liệu này được trích lại từ văn
pḥng báo chí của ṭa Bạch Ốc.
Press Gaggle by
Aboard Air Force
MR. SNOW: All right, I don't know if they read this out in
Washington: Last night, Singapore time, the President had a
brief conversation with Prime Minister Singh of India, talking
about the civilian nuclear proposal saying that we're
committed to its passage and he was encouraged by Senator
McConnell's comments to the effect that the Senate hoped to
vote on it soon.
As for today, I think you guys have seen it, but basically we
get in -- let me run through the events for the day and then
we'll do questions. The President has already done the radio
address. When we get to Hanoi we will have a lunch with Prime
Minister Howard of Australia. Then there will be an arrival
ceremony at the Presidential Palace in Hanoi. The President
will meet with the President of Vietnam and also with the
Prime Minister, as well as the General Secretary of the
Communist Party. And this evening there will be a state
Q Why is he going to Communist Party headquarters?
MR. SNOW: To meet with the Secretary General of the Communist
Party. It's a Communist Party state, it's a Communist state
and he will meet with the head of the party.
Q What are the President's thoughts coming to Vietnam 30 years
after the war? What does he intend to focus on here?
MR. SNOW: Basically, on expanding a number of areas of mutual
interest with the Vietnamese. You've got an economy that's now
growing briskly. We obviously want to talk about the economy.
But there is also security cooperation. There are military to
military contacts, which we've begun doing with the
Vietnamese. Let me just run through a couple of others: health
cooperation, both in the areas of avian influenza and in AIDS
-- the President mentioned that in his speech yesterday;
POW/MIA, there's still efforts to try to make sure that we've
learned everything we can about the status of more than 1,300
Americans still missing and unaccounted for after the Vietnam
War; and WTO accession and also permanent normal trade
Q The last time an American President went to Hanoi, there was
some concern about having the President appear with all of the
trappings of the Communist Party headquarters -- the photos of
Ho Chi Minh and so forth. Have you done anything at this point
to diminish the optics of this in any particular way, or have
you heard any concern from Republicans?
MR. SNOW: No, David, we haven't. Vietnam is now making a
transition, we're certainly encouraging that reform in many
ways, both in terms of domestic policy -- that is, its
political system -- and also economically. You've got an
economy that is beginning to grow. You've also had removing
Vietnam from the list of nations of concern when it comes to
religion, and there's going to be a talk -- there will be talk
about further progress, in terms of democracy and human
rights, because that is essential for any society to be able
to explore its own potential. So the President will be talking
about the freedom agenda.
Q Has the President made any calls to congressional Republican
leaders about PNTR for
MR. SNOW: No, I don't think so. At this point -- we had
conversations before we left town, and the President did meet
with House and Senate leaders. It did come up then and so he
discussed it with Senator McConnell, Senator Frist, for the
lame duck. So it has been discussed.
By the way, he also did call Representative Hoyer this morning
to congratulate him on his victory.
Q A question on the conversation with Prime Minister Singh.
One of the concerns about the U.S.-India deal has been that
there were no provisions in it that would keep
from continuing to make fuel for its own nuclear weapons
stockpile or expand that. Has he gotten any private assurances
from the Indians that they would not do that?
MR. SNOW: I was not party to the phone call and I doubt it
would have been considered. This was more, David, a touch base
in terms of what's going on, on Capitol Hill.
Q What lessons did Americans learn from the Vietnam War and do
any of those apply to what's going on in Iraq now?
MR. SNOW: I think the two situations are not comparable and I
don't want to try -- I will let Americans tell you what their
various lessons were from Vietnam. That's far too large a
question for me to contemplate, let alone answer.
Q Tony, you talk about the transformation in Vietnam and the
President wants to focus on that -- this is his first trip to
Vietnam, he's a baby boomer who lived through the war. What
focus does he intend to put, if at all, on the war and the
lessons of the war?
MR. SNOW: David, what's interesting is that the Vietnamese are
not particularly interested in that. You've got a young
population and a dynamic economy. This is not going to be a
look back at Vietnam; it really is going to be a looking
forward to areas of cooperation and shared concern, in terms
of working with the Vietnamese.
The President, as he mentioned yesterday, is keenly aware that
most of our trade now -- we do more trade now with the Pacific
Rim countries than we do with Europe. And it is vital for us
to continue to maintain a strategic and economic presence in
the region. And we'll continue to build closer relations with
the parties in the region.
Q Tony, does the White House believe that increased trade with
Vietnam would undermine the communist regime in the long run
and promote freedom, more political freedom in Vietnam?
MR. SNOW: I think at this point, David, we're simply talking
about the virtues of free trade. I'll let you draw whatever
long-term conclusions you may wish to draw.
Q Does he want to send a message, though, about the importance
of democratic institutions with the hope of undermining the
Communist Party in Vietnam?
MR. SNOW: I don't think the President comes and says to his
host, I come here to undermine you. But what is going on,
David, is significant. You've got a regime that has been
liberalizing on the economic front. And you've got an economic
growth rate that I think -- Sanger will correct me if I'm
wrong -- 8.5 percent last year. It's growing at a brisk rate.
It is the second-fastest growing economy in the region, to
China. And the President does -- as he said many times and
certainly I expect will be reiterating today -- believes that
having free institutions are essential for fostering not only
economic vitality, but long-term political stability.
Q Was he disappointed that he doesn't have this trade deal?
MR. SNOW: He understands that politics occasionally break out
on Capitol Hill. But he also has been encouraging leaders on
Capitol Hill to go ahead and finish work on a PNTR. We've been
assured that there will be votes in the lame duck, but in
December. And we will be passing that word on. We're certainly
are going to make it clear to the Vietnamese that we support
Q Tony, Secretary Rice said yesterday that she believed that
it would require some show of good faith on both sides between
the North Koreans and the U.S. before they came back to the
talks on the nuclear issue. Could you describe to us what kind
of show of good faith the President is looking for from the
North Koreans? Would it be dismantling part of their
facilities? And what kind he's prepared to show, as well?
MR. SNOW: No. (Laughter.) I'll let the President do his
Q -- the speech yesterday, the President have any additional
plans to expand the (inaudible) of APEC, as he outlined it
yesterday? Is there any follow up?
MR. SNOW: I'm sorry, to examine --
Q He's talking about APEC becoming a free trade region. He
obviously wants APEC to be strengthened as an institution.
Does he have any plans to sort of put that forward in an
MR. SNOW: Richard, there is already a 21-nation compact for
building a free trade area within the region, and we certainly
support that. At this point, we're talking about strengthening
APEC, but not having dramatic changes, simply building greater
Obviously, things like the
round are important. We're going to be talking about
bilateral trade relations, as well. But we continue to hope to
make APEC a stronger forum for all of that and to use it as a
way for the
to work even more closely with the Asian allies.
Q Since I struck on my North Korea question, let me try a
harder one. (Laughter.) On Saturday, the President is going to
meeting President Roh. President Roh has already indicated
that he would not participate more fully in proliferation
security initiative and so forth.
Does President Bush believe that President Roh has lived up to
the commitment that he made during his last visit to
Washington, that everything would change if there was a North
Korean nuclear test?
MR. SNOW: Certainly, I'll be much better able to give you a
read-out after the meeting, but let me put it this way, we do
expect parties to abide by the provisions of U.N. Security
Council Resolution 1718. And it is, you know, and in terms of
the proliferation security initiative, we hope to have the
South Koreans playing a role in it.
Q And does that mean that right now you believe that the South
Koreans are not living up to 1817?
MR. SNOW: No, it just means that I'm giving you the
boilerplate answer and I will be happy to give you a read-out
after the meeting. It will be an important meeting and I'll be
happy to give you a more candid and effective readout after it
has taken place.
Q What's the topic of the radio address?
MR. SNOW: The themes that he talked about yesterday in
Q Does the President have any reaction to Milton Friedman's
MR. SNOW: I think we have a statement out, but obviously
Milton Friedman is one of the giants in global economics over
the last hundred years. He lived a long and great life. He was
somebody that the President respected and admired -- as you
recall, he did something for Milton Friedman's 90th birthday,
and at the age of 94, Milton Friedman was a truly amazing guy.
Q Tony, the President as tourist, does he have any personal
interest in any Vietnam War relics or trappings that he will
experience on his trip?
MR. SNOW: Not sure, David. I'll check and try to find out for
you. I know that's kind of an important nuance. I know today
it's basically wall-to-wall meetings. There will be a POW/MIA
event, I believe. I think there are going to be some events,
and I will try to get you some color that will be useful.
Q But has he talked at all from a personal perspective about
what it's like to come here for the first time?
MR. SNOW: Not yet, no. He really hasn't. I mean, at this
point, you're -- we spent a lot of yesterday working on the
speech for last night, and right now the President is getting
ready for a series of meetings with Prime Minister Howard, as
well as with the heads of the Vietnamese government. But,
again, if he does say anything that I can report, I'll get it
back to you.
Q What are he and Howard talking about?
MR. SNOW: Well, obviously, you've got security interests,
you've got economic concerns. And they'll talk about the very
close and cooperative relationship between the two nations.
It'll touch on everything from the global war on terror to
economics to working on North Korea. Kind of the predictable
Q The Guardian had a report yesterday that Bush is considering
sending 30,000 additional troops to Iraq for one last push.
Does that have any conception of reality?
MR. SNOW: I'm not going to try to characterize anything. We
saw the report, but I don't want to get into the thicket of
trying to characterize it. The best thing to do on that is to
throw that over to the Pentagon and let them give you the
I believe -- and correct me if I'm wrong -- The Guardian story
was based on at least what they considered a leak about
Pentagon ruminations about possible ways forward, at a time
when General Pace is conducting a comprehensive review. I
think the best thing to do is to let General Pace do that
review and provide a report and then we'll --
Q So it's just not true?
MR. SNOW: I don't know.
Q When is his report going to --
MR. SNOW: David, on thing, I think it's pretty clear that what
we've said all along is that the United States is going to
stay until the conditions on the ground make it possible for
American forces to step down as the Iraqi forces become more
battle capable. So I don't want to give the impression that we
have changed at all the approach, which is, again, working
with the Iraqis, making them more capable on the political,
economic and security sides so that they're going to have a
Q The Sudanese accepted a presence of a U.N. force in Darfur
-- any reaction from the President?
MR. SNOW: Well, I think the most important thing to do is to
have an effective force in Darfur that can protect the people.
We are aware of Secretary General Annan's comments on this
today and we think that the region and the people in
deserve an effective protection of force and we hope that that
is going to be the case.
Q Reaction to the election results in Congo? I see you've got
it right there. (Laughter.)
MR. SNOW: Well, I've got it right here, got the election
results in Congo. (Laughter.) Well, obviously, you're going to
make sure if there is any challenge, they be done in the
established electoral process.
Q There's no topic that we can throw at you that you're
unprepared for. (Laughter.)
MR. SNOW: I just wanted to make sure, yes. (Laughter.)
Anything else, guys? If you've got some specifics, or any of
you guys have specifics over the meetings for the next couple
of days that you want to let me know about, I'll try to be
helpful. And I'm honestly going to try to -- tomorrow, I'll be
in on the bilats, but when they go off to the APEC meetings, I
think I may have to do one thing in town, but I'll get to the
file and try to be as helpful as I can.
Q Just one logistical thing that you might be able to help us
with tomorrow, which is that I think after President Roh's
meeting, it's going to be about 8:00 p.m. in the east coast,
U.S. if we could get a readout right away on that one, because
otherwise we're going to miss a whole news cycle.
MR. SNOW: Understood. I don't know what we have in terms of
whether we're going to have statements or questions or all
that. I'll let you know in the morning.
Q Is he going to take questions at any of the meetings today?
MR. SNOW: I don't know. I mean, we've got pool coverage at the
bottom, so we'll play it by ear.
Q Thank you.
------------ --------- --------- ---------
Briefing by Press Secretary Tony Snow and David McCormick,
Deputy National Security Advisor for International Economic
Thang Loi Hotel
MR. SNOW: The President had a series of meetings today. The
first was with Prime Minister Howard of Australia. You
probably already have seen their readout after the meeting.
There's not much I can add to it. The two of them had a
wide-ranging discussion, spent a lot of time talking about the
war on terror and, particularly, what's ongoing in Iraq. They
agreed that it's important to continue to work with Prime
Minister Maliki to develop greater capability on the part of
Iraqis from the security, political, and economic standpoints.
They also touched upon the
situation and hoping that there's going to be the possibility
to continue working toward the road map between
the Palestinians. They talked about energy concerns and
technologies that might provide ways to deal with global
warming. The President, I think, mentioned earlier that they
ranged from clean coal technology to alternative fuels to
There was a brief discussion, as well -- and you'll forgive
me, I'm going to go through my notes here -- they talked about
North Korea, as well, making sure that we continue to maintain
pressure on the North Koreans to find a diplomatic way to
ensure a non-nuclear Korean Peninsula, and also David Hicks,
the Australian citizen who has been held in Guantanamo. The
Prime Minister expressed his desire to make sure that Mr.
Hicks gets tried, and the President did, as well.
That's sort of the basic readout there. A series of meetings
with the Prime Minister -- the President, the Prime Minister
and the Communist Party General Secretary in
Do you have the names of all, or should I read them out for
you? Okay, I will assume that that means that -- so you've got
All of the conversations really followed a similar track.
First, the Vietnamese were very eager to talk about economic
reform in the country and building closer ties with the United
States, in terms of enhancing economic cooperation. Obviously,
PNTR was a big part of that. The President stressed his
determination and his support for PNTR -- determination to get
it passed. WTO accession, he congratulated the Vietnamese on
that. They continue to maintain that this is the beginning of
a longer reform effort, and they certainly are eager to have
American cooperation on that.
I'm going to flip through my notes here. Again, you've got
general readouts. One of the things the President said -- and
I know that there's been a lot of interest in his reflections
on being in Vietnam -- one of the things that he did add to
what he had told you earlier, and he's said this on a number
of occasions -- not only did he appreciate the friendliness of
the people, but he also thought it was important for the
American people to understand how eager the Vietnamese are to
build closer relations with the United States -- he said that
that might come as a surprise to the American people -- and
reassured them about the importance of trade and closer ties.
Also he said that it's important for the Vietnamese people to
know that the United States "wants you to succeed." He said
he's impr essed with the reforms that have taken place, but
also understands that reform is hard. On the other hand, as
you have a growing level of affluence, there is going to be a
corresponding pressure for increasing economic, political and
religious freedoms. And the President stressed the importance
of working on the human rights front, because that was going
to be important for the long-term success of Vietnam.
One of the other things that the Vietnamese also were at pains
to say is -- and this is a pretty direct quote from the
Chairman of the Communist Party, the General Secretary -- he
said we want to, "put aside the past and look forward to the
future." That is a theme that we heard from all three of the
Vietnamese leaders. As far as they're concerned, they do not
want to dwell on the Vietnamese War, although there are
ongoing issues, in terms of dealing with some of the aftermath
of the war. But the most important thing for them is to build
closer ties, and that not only involves the economy, but also
security, cultural exchanges -- the President at one point
saying that he would welcome having more Vietnamese students
coming to attend college in the United States.
And I think that generally covers sort of the basics. Dave, do
you want to give us a quick readout on what to expect for
MR. McCORMICK: Tomorrow the morning begins with several bilats
and a couple specific events that the President has scheduled
-- a bilateral with the President Republic of Korea, a meeting
with several ASEAN leaders, a visit to the Joint POW/MIA
Accounting Command, and then an embassy greeting, followed by
a lunch with the Prime Minister of Japan.
The APEC leaders summit begins with the first session tomorrow
afternoon, and that first session is focused primarily upon
the core economic agenda, trade liberalization. We would
expect that there will be a very robust discussion of Doha --
our preliminary discussions with a number of the countries
involved in the trade minister meetings over the last day or
two -- I think that will be a very fruitful discussion, and
voicing a common commitment to restart Doha.
There will also be a discussion of the free trade agreement or
the concept of a free trade agreement for Asia Pacific. And as
the President foreshadowed in his speech in
this is an idea that a number of Asian countries, Asian
leaders and business leaders have voiced over the last several
years. It's something that the President has said is really a
significant idea worth real consideration, and I expect there
will be a good discussion of that, as well as an assessment of
where we are among APEC members on the realization of the
Bogor goals, and aspirations that were set and what the path
ahead is on realizing those objectives.
Day two of APEC, Sunday, will focus on other dimensions of
prosperity. APEC has captured a number of key themes;
obviously the core of this is the economic agenda, but there's
also been a focus over the last four or five years on the
security dimensions that are so critical to economic
prosperity. So avian flu, AIDS, secure trade -- these are
issues that certainly will be discussed on day two. I also
expect there will be a very good discussion of North Korea.
The President has foreshadowed that in all of his discussions,
all of his bilaterals. I expect that that will be part of the
And there will also be a very, very good conversation, I
suspect, around APEC reform and the investment and resources
and focus that the members of APEC will bring in the future to
ensure that APEC continues to be even more robust in the
future in terms of realizing a common set of Asia Pacific
Why don't I stop there.
MR. SNOW: Okay. Just a couple of other obvious points that I
skipped over with the Vietnamese meetings, and let me stress
these. The President, as I mentioned, talked about trade; also
health cooperation, especially with regard to HIV/AIDS and
avian influenza. It's important not only as a template for how
to deal with some of these problems, especially how the
Vietnamese have been very proactive in taking on HIV/AIDS and
avian influenza, but it also sets a good example within the
On the MIA issue, he thanked the Vietnamese for strong
cooperation and hopes for further cooperation with regard to
archival investigations, and also thanked them for not only
the strong statement, but also their cooperation in working on
the North Koreans. The President stressed that we do not have
complaints with the North Korean people; in fact, we want to
help them. They're starving and oppressed, he said, and the
most important challenge now is to get the government to
And with that, we'll take questions.
Q Tony, I have one for you, and one for David. The one for you
is, did the President give the Prime Minister a gift today for
MR. SNOW: No. At least there -- but on the other hand, we have
a state dinner tonight; maybe there will be something then.
Q And tomorrow, at ASEAN, do you expect either Thailand or
Burma to be present in the room with the President?
MR. McCORMICK: Certainly Thailand I expect to be there. I'm
not sure --
Q I know there was talk of the Vietnamese of trying to get
Burma into this meeting, over objections from the
Do you know if that --
MR. McCORMICK: Not to my knowledge. I don't know.
MR. SNOW: Don't know. No? Gordon Johndroe says
will not be there. We will count that as definitive.
Q What will be the message to the Thai Prime Minister, given
the recent coup?
MR. SNOW: Well, what we have said is we expect and encourage
Thailand to return to democracy as soon as possible. That's
been the message from day one; that hasn't changed.
Q Did the North Koreans express -- did the Vietnamese express
any opinion about the
view on North Korea?
MR. SNOW: Yes, they share it. They do not want a nuclear
peninsula and they have been supportive of our view, and the
President thanked them for that.
Q Do we know the agenda of the President's meeting with
President Putin on Sunday?
MR. SNOW: Well, obviously, there will be discussion --
generally, the war on terror. There will clearly be
But I think rather than my trying to set an agenda for the
two, we'll let the leaders do that and once they've done it,
we'll tell you about it.
Q Are there plans for a North Korea statement out of APEC this
MR. McCORMICK: Certainly that will be an agenda item and there
was discussion of whether there will be an actual statement or
not. To be determined.
Q Tony, further on North Korea, can you be a little more
specific than you were in the gaggle this morning about
exactly what standard you expect the South Koreans to meet on
the U.N. sanctions? You seemed to suggest this morning that
they may not be living up to it the way that the U.S.
government would like to see --
MR. SNOW: David, rather than trying to presage the
conversations the President will be having with President Roh,
one thing the United States does expect is that all parties to
the six-party will be working for full implementation of U.N.
Security Council Resolution 1718. And if there are areas of
disagreement, I'm sure that they will be covered in the
bilateral. But I'm not going to get ahead of the conversation
Okay. Thank you.